When you go to a restaurant there’s usually a vegetarian dish on the menu but soon we may be seeing a “fruitarian” dish as well. For those who eat only (or at least 80%) fruit of course.
In just four short years the festival (WFF) has grown into the largest and most progressive raw food event on the planet!
Founder Michael Arnstein envisioned the festival as a place where longtime fruitarian practitioners (how long has this been going on? – I just found out) could be brought into the spotlight and transformed into role models for those just starting out. In exchange for giving talks and leading exercises for free in the festival’s first year, pioneers are invited back each year, for varying amounts of compensation. At Woodstock, the pioneers lead exercise classes, tie-dye sessions, support groups, and give lectures. They chat and take photos with attendees, do interviews, and frequently sign festivalgoers up for paid services, such as nutritional testing or health retreats. Above all, they motivate. They offer themselves up as physical embodiments of one’s best self – the kind of person you could be, if you ate this way.
In the natural foods movement of the 1960s and 70s, activists and hippies combined diet, politics, and community, to provide a vision of how one could live a life that matched one’s diet. Foods were eliminated not only for health reasons but in order to cultivate a desirable personality – meat-eating, for example, was denounced as an impediment to spiritual growth and a cause of aggressive behaviour. Groups such as The Diggers in San Francisco gave food away for free and popularised wholewheat bread baked in emptied coffee cans as part of a broader experiment in creating a miniature society free from capitalism, while the macrobiotic Zen diet proposed eating your way to enlightenment through 10 different stages, each more restrictive than the last, until the eater reached an apex where she sustained herself on brown rice alone. The fruitarian lifestyle shares the narrative structure of the macrobiotic diet, its emphasis on eliminating toxicity within the body, as well as its ethos of restrictive decadence. Where it differs from macrobiotics is in its fixation on a utopian past.
Like those on the nutritionally inverse “paleo” diet, fruitarians eat in hope of returning to a past that predates the primal wound of agrarian society, but whereas paleo dieters hark back to the era when humans were hunter‑gatherers, fruitarians look back to an even earlier time, when we were simply gatherers – equal, undifferentiated, and deeply in harmony with nature.
In theory, fruit is free and abundant, a sweet package of harm-free profit. Fruit is literally made to be eaten, and the relationship between an apple tree and the creature that eats the apple and transports its seed to some other promising location is symbiotic. What better basis for a community could there be than fruit, which is a symbol and sustenance at once?
But real fruit is expensive, difficult to source and ship without compromising on these principles. Most commercially grown fruit is harvested by labourers who are overworked and underpaid, then shipped long distances in gas-guzzling trucks or oil-guzzling ships that exact a toll on the environment. There are also health concerns. In 2013, Ashton Kutcher was hospitalised for two days after following a fruitarian diet for a month, part of a Method-acting stunt designed to prepare him for filming the *Steve Jobs biopic Jobs (“I was doubled over in pain, and my pancreas levels were completely out of whack,” Kutcher later told reporters at the Sundance film festival.) Conventional nutritionists confirm that the diet is too high in sugar, which can cause tooth cavities and overwork the pancreas, and too low in nutrients vital to maintaining the body. Fruit, for all its excellent qualities, is low in protein, calcium, vitamin B12, zinc, Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids, iodine, and vitamin D. Sticking to the diet long-term can result in dangerous deficiencies that many fruitarians try to ward off with nutritional testing and vitamin injections. And while going on a restrictive diet is not necessarily the same thing as having an eating disorder, doctors warn that the severe dietary restrictions inherent in eating strictly low-carb or fruitarian regimens can trigger orthorexia nervosa, a term that literally translates to a “fixation on righteous eating”. Orthorexics are prone to anxiety over the purity or healthfulness of their food, to the point where their restricted nutritional and caloric intake can cause severe malnutrition.
This diet is not easy to maintain, but raw fruit experts promise a vast array of benefits. In testimonials, fruitarians claim that going raw has done everything from curing cancer to eliminating body odour and changing the colour of one’s eyes from brown to blue. Unlike other diets, 80-10-10 (The 80/10/10 Diet: Balancing Your Health, Your Weight, and Your Life One Luscious Bite at a Time) promises to transform your experience of your body, revealing levels of thriving that you didn’t know existed. In this way, “going raw” breaks with the traditional function of diet as rudimentary medicine (seen even in early Hippocratic medical texts) and becomes a lifestyle. A diet tells you what you should eat; a lifestyle tells you how you should feel about it.
I love fruit but I also love too many other foods like vegetables, bread, meat, pasta, chocolate….so I’ll pass.
How about you – could you do it? Could you eat fruit and only fruit forever?
*Steve Jobs – his fascination with fruitarianism helped inspire his company’s name.
Source: this is a very abridged version of the guardian.com’s article on “the problem with fruitarians” which originally came from:
An abridged version of an essay from the latest issue of N+1, on sale now. To find out more, visit nplusonemag.com/subscribe. About: n+1 is a print and digital magazine of literature, culture, and politics published three times a year.
A crash courseBelieve me there’s far too much information so I broke it down as best I could (even though it’s a
lotbit longer than my usual posts) from researching a few articles. I think we all know that keeping a balanced diet is really key.
What do I immediately do after a run or workout using weights at the gym? Go home to make a smoothie with a BIG scoop of *protein powder. Of course the smoothie is more of a thick milkshake-like consistency with other good stuff like banana, yogurt, frozen wild blueberries (I like it cold), wild green powder or juice, coconut water, flax & chia seeds and a good quality matcha green tea powder (from Japan). This to me is the Ultimate workout recovery. I try to drink it as quickly as possible so that the protein will adhere to my muscles ASAP! Who knows but it feels really healthy, works for most athletes
as I am a major athlete(of which I am not) but why not do as they do?
Because WITHOUT PROTEIN, life as we know it would not be possible.
They’re used to make muscles, tendons, organs and skin. Proteins are also used to make enzymes, hormones, neurotransmitters and various tiny molecules that serve important functions.
Bottom Line: Protein is a structural molecule assembled out of amino acids, many of which the body can’t produce on its own. Animal foods are usually high in protein, with all the essential amino acids that we need.
If we don’t get enough from the diet, our health and body composition suffers.
However, there are vastly different opinions on how much protein we actually need. Most official nutrition organizations recommend a fairly modest protein intake.
- 56 grams per day for the average sedentary man.
- 46 grams per day for the average sedentary woman.
Although this meager amount may be enough to prevent downright deficiency, studies show that it is far from sufficient to ensure optimal health and body composition.
It turns out that the “right” amount of protein for any one individual depends on many factors… including activity levels, age, muscle mass, physique goals and current state of health.
The best sources of protein are meats, fish, eggs and dairy products. They have all the essential amino acids that your body needs. There are also some plants that are fairly high in protein, like quinoa, legumes and nuts.
All of this being said, I don’t think there is any need for most people to actually track their protein intake.
If you’re just a healthy person trying to stay healthy, then simply eating quality protein with most of your meals (along with nutritious plant foods) should bring your intake into an optimal range.
If you have a physically demanding job, you walk a lot, run, swim or do any sort of exercise, then you need more protein. Endurance athletes also need quite a bit of protein, about 0.5 – 0.65 grams per pound, or 1.2 – 1.4 grams per kg.
Elderly people also need significantly more protein, up to 50% higher than the DRI, or about 0.45 to 0.6 grams per pound of bodyweight.
What “Grams of Protein” Really Means
This is a very common misunderstanding…
When I say “grams of protein” – I mean grams of the macronutrient protein, not grams of a protein containing food like meat or eggs.
An 8 ounce serving of beef weighs 226 grams, but it only contains 61 grams of actual protein. A large egg weighs 46 grams, but it only contains 6 grams of protein.
What About The Average Person (of course we all think we’re all above average)?
If you’re at a healthy weight, you don’t lift weights and you don’t exercise much, then aiming for 0.36 to 0.6 grams per pound (or 0.8 to 1.3 gram per kg) is a reasonable estimate.
This amounts to:
- 56-91 grams per day for the average male.
- 46-75 grams per day for the average female.
But given that there is no evidence of harm and significant evidence of benefit, I think it is better for most people to err on the side of more protein rather than less.
By **Alexandra Caspero, MA, RD
Whether running sprints, long-distance swimming or lifting weights, athletes expend more energy than the average person and their bodies need additional nutrients to recover from intense physical activity. Protein plays an important role in an athlete’s diet as the nutrient helps repair and strengthen muscle tissue. Recently, high protein diets have become popular among athletes — especially those seeking a leaner, more defined physique. But how much protein is really necessary?
While protein is critical in building muscle mass, more is not necessarily better. Eating large amounts of lean protein will not equate with a toned body.
When determining protein requirements for athletes, it’s important to look at the athlete’s overall diet. During periods of both rest and activity, protein contributes about 10 percent of the total fuel an athlete’s body uses. The remaining fuel used is made up of carbohydrates and fat. Athletes who consume diets adequate in both these nutrients end up using less protein for energy than those who consume a higher protein diet. This means that protein can go toward preserving lean body mass (i.e. that lean physique). So in order to retain muscle, athletes need to ensure they are also meeting needs for carbs and fat, not just protein.
Muscle growth happens only when exercise and diet are combined.
For example, research has shown that *timing of protein intake plays a significant role. Eating high-quality protein (such as eggs, dairy or soy) immediately after exercise — either by itself or with a carbohydrate — enhances muscle creation.
Duration and intensity of the activity is also a factor when it comes to protein needs.
Endurance athletes (such as runners, bikers and swimmers) tend to synthesize more protein for fuel while power (or strength) athletes (such as sprinters, weightlifters and CrossFitters) tend to synthesize less protein for fuel but retain more for muscle development.
Because they are building muscle, power athletes require a higher level of protein consumption than endurance athletes. “[Power] athletes’ protein needs are highest during the initial training phases, when muscle gain is largest,” says sports dietitian Kelly Rossi, MS, RD, CSSD. “As any athlete trains more, their body’s efficiency in using protein increases so they may not need as much.”
While protein needs of both endurance and power athletes are greater than that of non-athletes, they’re not as high as commonly perceived.
The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada and the American College of Sports Medicine recommend the following for power and endurance athletes, based on body weight:
- Power athletes (strength or speed): 1.2 to 1.7 grams/kilogram a day
- Endurance athletes: 1.2 to 1.4 grams/kilogram a day
For an adult male athlete, that’s about 84 to 119 grams of protein a day; for adult females about 66 to 94 grams.
By comparison, a sedentary adult male needs about 56 grams of protein a day; for females it’s about 46 grams.
Are POWDERS and SUPPLEMENTS Needed?
*Protein powders and protein supplements are great for convenience, but not to be solely relied on. Whole foods are always best, but with a busy athlete trying to juggle a million things, it is more realistic to provide them with the convenient shake. It is for added reassurance.
*For the Ultimate protein, greens and fiber in powder form I use and recommend: http://www.ultimatevegan.com/products/
**Alexandra Caspero, MA, RD, is owner of Delicious Knowledge in Sacramento, Calif. She specializes in plant-based diets, sports nutrition, food intolerance and weight management.
How about you? What form of exercise do you regularly do and do you make a shake the minute you get home from your workout?
Does one matter more than the other? I know, it’s not really a fair question but some people want to lose weight but really don’t want to 1) Exercise or 2) Diet.
Of course you can always do one without the other but any thinking person knows that doing both will be more effective. I was reading an article about this with two experts weighing out the differences.
HIT THE GYM:
Expert: Michele Olson, PhD, professor of physical education and exercise science at Auburn University at Montgomery, Alabama.
“Yes, you can lose weight with diet alone, but exercise is an important component. Without it, only a portion of your weight loss is from fat – you’re also stripping away muscle and bone density. Since working out stimulates growth of those metabolic tissues, losing weight through exercise means you’re burning mostly fat. The number on the scale might not sound so impressive, but because muscle takes up less space than fat does, you look smaller and your clothes fit better. Data shows that to lose weight with exercise and keep it off, you don’t need to run marathons. You just need to build up to five workouts a week, 50 minutes each, at a moderate intensity, like brisk walking or zumba. Resistance training helps too. Don’t just do isolated weight-lifting exercises like bicep curls – you’ll get leaner faster by using your body weight against gravity, as with movements like squats, lunges, push-ups, and planks. And, of course, beyond burning fat, people shouldn’t forget that exercise can have other impressive health perks, like improving the quality of your sleep, lowering your cholesterol, and reducing your stress level.”
Expert: Shawn M. Talbott, PhD, nutritional biochemist and former director of the University of Utah Nutrition Clinic.
“As a rule of thumb, weight loss is generally 75 percent diet and 25 percent exercise. An analysis of more than 700 weight loss studies found that people see the biggest short-term results when they eat smart. On average, people who dieted without exercising for 15 weeks lost 23 pounds; the exercisers lost only six over about 21 weeks. It’s much easier to cut calories than to burn them off. For example, if you eat a fast-food steak quesadilla, which can pack 500-plus calories, you need to run more than four miles to ‘undo’ it!”
“So, what should you eat? It’s true that low-carb diets tend to be the most popular because they offer the fastest results, but they can be difficult to sustain. I recommend striving for a more balanced plan that focuses on fruits and veggies, lean proteins, and whole grain carbs. And never cut calories too low (this causes your metabolism to slow, and you can start losing muscle mass). For a healthy daily calorie count, allow 10 calories per pound of body weight – so a 150-pound woman should shoot for a 1,500 calorie target. That way, you should be able to lose weight no matter how much you exercise.”
THE LAST WORD: While diet and exercise are both important for long-term weight loss, remember this: “You can’t out-exercise a bad diet,” says Talbott.
Source: as told to Sarah Z. Wexler for “O” Magazine
Why eating certain power foods can help you avoid the disease-causing condition.
Susan Biali (a practicing GP, wellness expert and life coach) explains the connection between food and inflammation. She is also the author of Live a Life You Love: 7 steps to a Healthier, Happier, More Passionate You.
Biali first learned about this connection a decade ago when she visited a dermatologist about her acne condition at the time. This specialist was way ahead of his time: instead of prescribing medication, he asked her what she was eating. He explained that angry, red pimples are a manifestation of inflammation in the body, and that eating certain foods makes acne worse or better. When she took his advice and changed her diet, her skin changed dramatically. Of course, there are different causes for acne so food isn’t always the cure, but as a rule an anti-inflammatory diet should improve redness, inflammation and the overall look of your skin.
Sometimes chronic inflammation is obvious, as with a painful arthritic knee, but it’s typically much more subtle. Inflammation that contributes to heart disease happens at a microscopic level in your arteries. You’ll never notice it or feel it until the condition is severely advanced. The various triggers responsible for this can be stress related, depression, smoking and poor sleep.
You probably heard long ago that eating a Mediterranean-style diet reduces the risk of heart disease. What you might not know is that it’s also a textbook “anti-inflammatory diet” packed with whole foods and low in refined sugars, refined flours, trans fat and red meat – all of which are believed to lead to inflammation. Here are some of the power foods that reduce inflammation, protect you from disease and slow the aging process.
Fatty Fish – like mackerel, salmon, trout and sardines are powerfully anti-inflammatory. In addition to eating fish a couple times a week, taking a high-quality wild fish oil supplement daily is also recommended.
Fruit and Vegetables – deep red berries, broccoli, sweet potatoes, and red & orange peppers are potent anti-inflammatories.
Extra Virgin Olive Oil – this is one of the cornerstones of the Mediterranean diet. Use it in salads, in cooking and for dipping whole grain breads. Don’t go overboard, though; one Tbsp. has about 119 calories and 14 grams of fat! Yes, it’s a good fat,….but can still be fattening.
High-Fibre Whole Grains – refined white flours convert quickly into sugar in your blood, which is inflammatory. Fibre, in contrast, is anti-inflammatory and digests more slowly, avoiding damaging spikes in sugar. A test: if you can easily squish a piece of bread – crusts removed – into a pea size ball, it’s not high fibre. Look for four to six grams of fibre content on the label before buying a “whole-grain” product.
Tumeric – a superstar! It’s active ingredient (this was mentioned in my beauty post) curcumin, comes in supplement form and has been shown to be as potent for easing aches and pains as OTC painkillers such as ibuprofen. I love turmeric rich curries and keep a bottle of the spice in my cupboard.
The scientific support for whole foods just keeps growing. The better you eat, the better you’ll look and feel, and the more likely you’ll enjoy a healthy, inflammation-free life.
An excellent book on the subject:
Conquer Inflammation will give you clear and concise details on exactly how inflammation is generated by your immune system or your fat cells and how it continuously creates havoc in your heart, your brain, your joints, your skin, and your soft tissues. This book will show you how you can end the inflammatory activity in your body without resorting to drugs that may have harmful side-effects. Lifestyle changes, nutritional strategies, and natural supplements can stop the inflammation process without causing more harm to your body. Available on Amazon.com
You can also try a product called “Leaf-Source”LeafSource mineral products are derived from a 100% natural, organic, prehistoric sea-bed deposit dated at about 120 million years old. Agricultural civilizations have long relied on sea beds as vital sources of fertilizer that enrich soils and provide the nutrients in our foods.
We now know that this intricate matrix of naturally occurring organic acids and alkalizing minerals can have a direct beneficial effect on the body ultimately helping the body run more efficiently. http://www.leafsource.com/
If you have other recommendations for fighting inflammation please pass them along.
HOW TO EXERCISE WHEN YOU’RE TRAVELING:
An Interview with David Kirsch, fitness expert and author of “The Ultimate New York Diet” (McGraw-Hill). David owns the Madison Square Club, a private training gym in New York City, and has worked with Heidi Klum and Liv Tyler. This is an excerpt from his interview with Courtney Balestier.
Kirsch equates exercise with brushing his teeth or talking a shower. It gets the day going. If you have that attitude, it’s easy to take fitness on the road.
Get motivated bright and early: Here’s a universal truth – if you’re not working out in the morning, you probably won’t do it later in the day either. You’re going to be tired from meetings, buzzed from the wine at lunch, later for your dinner reservation, and so on. Whether you’re on a vacation or business trip, get 30 to 45 minutes of cardio out of the way first thing, and it’ll energize your day.
Use your hotel: Predictability is a good thing at the hotel gym. Don’t fool with machines you’re not familiar with – stick with the treadmill or elliptical. If you’re in a country that’s on a metric system, be less concerned with speed and more dialed into pushing yourself.
Improvise: But you don’t need a gym – or a vacation’s worth of free time. My Hotel workout includes Spider-Man push-ups (feet on the bed and hands on the floor) and hand-offs with a pillow (lie on your back with arms stretched overhead and legs in the air, hold a pillow between your shins, then pass it from legs to hands and back). You can do lunges and step-ups using a chair or ottoman. Do three sets of 10 reps each for the push-ups, 10 to 15 reps for the pillow hand-offs, and 10 to 15 reps per leg for the lunges and step-ups.
Be adventurous: Travel is the perfect excuse to change your routine. If you usually run three miles, bring a great pair of cross-trainers (I like Brooks) and power walk for an hour around a new city. If you’re a fitness-class-person, ask the concierge about great classes nearby. This is often entertaining too – a body-sculpting class conducted in French can be pretty funny.
Also – **Don’t miss listening to “Transforming Health” with host Brad King for the most evocative and informative up-to-the-minute interviews with leading health professionals – Live every Wednesday @ 12PM-PST/3PM-EST on VoiceAmerica.com – #1 internet radio station in North America.
Here’s the link: http://www.voiceamerica.com/show/1686/transforming-health